A synopsis taken from a lecture by George Wythe College Founder Oliver DeMille, entitled “World Views and the Emerging State,” which discusses different world-views.
You may remember the title of this blog is Kosmotheoria, which is Greek for ‘worldview’.
I think it is vital to understand these world-views as some of these world-views bring about constructive effects in society, and some bring about destructive effects in society. I find that just knowing about these world-views tends to make the whole political scene make more sense as well. More importantly seeing them in outline form here may help you discern which ‘beliefs’ are Biblical and which are not. Some are very subtle and Christians may not even be aware they hold to unbiblical ideas.
Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
Source: The Bible
Philosophy: Supernaturalism which simply means over/above what our senses can perceive, God is the Creator, therefore, God is Sovereign, He controls the universe through supernatural means. Miracles happen when the creator God intervenes in time and space for mankind’s benefit. Mankind fell and stands in need of a redeemer, and because of his innate sinfulness, a Savior. God became man supernaturally to accomplish this redemption.
Theology: Monotheism as found in ancient Judaism and Christianity
Ethics: There are ethical absolutes, absolute right, and wrong, absolute good and bad as outlined in God’s Word.
Science: There was a special creation, not some ongoing creation, but a special creation with mankind as its benefactor as being made in the image of God.
Psychology: Dualism, the idea that human beings have a dual nature, body, and spirit, and both must be cared for, nurtured and fed. We are obligated to love and care for our fellow man as all humanity was made in the image of God.
Sociology: Home, church, and state, in that order. If society is ailing, first fix the home, then the church and then the state. Justice, forgiveness, mercy, and love of neighbor should guide society.
Law: Biblical and natural law (“natural law” is defined by Merriam-Webster Online as “a body of law or a specific principle held to be derived from nature and binding upon human society in the absence of or in addition to positive law.” “Positive law” is defined as “law established or recognized by governmental authority.”). Natural law is revealed through the biblical source and is natural, meaning it is above mankind. We have no ability to change natural laws.
Politics: Justice, freedom, and order. The purpose of the state is to establish justice, freedom, just laws, and order.
Economics: a stewardship of property. God owns everything, but we have been given dominion or sub-ownership. If you have invested your labor into any property it is yours to use as you see fit, according to how you are led by God and His law to use it.
Secular Humanism has as it sources human will and ego, it starts with the concept of materialism, what your five senses determine all that is ‘real’. It first showed up in the Renaissance, with followers calling themselves Christian Humanists. The Sciences became man’s new ‘religion’. They at first believed the Bible, especially the New Testament. But as the Sciences took precedence the Bible receded in importance and was viewed as mythos and allegory. Rather than view salvation of the soul as the message of the Word of God, they sought to help their neighbor, the poor, or the downtrodden as part of the gospel. Soon, this social justice or ‘good works’ replaced the Gospel of Saved by Grace. The motivation became to be a better person in man’s eyes (salvation of works) rather than in serving and worshiping God for His glory. Slowly the works of human themselves became ‘the gospel’ and God was set aside for self or ego, and pride.
The philosophers of this movement were Spencer, Darwin, Dewey, and Kinsey.
Philosophy: Naturalism, the material world (no spiritual aspect) is all there is. All ideas, feelings, visions, and inspiration come from the physical workings of the brain. Everything in the world can only be understood by understandable physical laws and empirical science.
Theology: If there is a belief in God he is distant and uncaring. Agnosticism, there may be a God but we cannot know Him. Atheism, i.e. there is no God
Ethics: Ethical Relativism. Right and wrong are relative to the situation, to what’s happening. There is no absolute right and wrong.
Psychology: Self-actualization. You will become whatever you decide to become. The Self or Ego is all important, self-esteem (good feelings) is what needs to be strived for.
Material Humanism / Marxism
Source: Hegel, Marx, Lenin, Engels
Philosophy: Dialectical Materialism, Thesis (an idea), then an antithesis (an opposing idea), then becomes a synthesis or new idea. Materialism means that the world is material only knowable with the five senses. There is no spiritual aspect to man or the world.
Theology: Atheism or worship of Self
Ethics: The Proletariat or the working class decides what is moral. Morality; anything is moral if it helps the Proletariat. Anything that hurts the Proletariat is wrong. Stealing, killing, are great and fine if they help the Proletariat.
Science: Punctuated evolution, meaning every once in a while there is a huge leap forward. There are long normal periods and then a jump ahead, which is supposed to explain why we see no fossil evidence of ‘missing links’ between species.
Psychology: Independent thought has been set aside for conditioned behavior. Pavlovian behavioralism. You can condition people to do what you want them to do. Propaganda and misinformation, disinformation are for the good of the people. Taken to its extreme mankind is treated as a child-like being in need of protection by the elite who are superior to the rest.
Sociology: Abolition of home, church, and state. People are thought to be naturally good and don’t need to be forced to share or behave charitably towards others. They don’t need the STATE to force them. They don’t need the family to nurture and train them. What is odd however is that this worldview, when put into practice, ends up being a dictatorship.
Law: Human law. (“law established or recognized by governmental (elite) authority.”).
Politics: New world order, global government, from the top down, an international global dictatorship. You don’t need freedom if someone is taking care of you and you’re happy. People fight for freedom instead for security and happiness, which is wrong. You should fight for security and happiness.
Economics: Socialism/communism, state-run and regulated or state-owned means of production.
Theology: The STATE as all-important, early stages of this the Self is idealized.
Source: Hobbes, Neitsche. Payne, Rand, Rothbard, and Rordie
Philosophy: Pragmatism; whatever works, not what is good or right. Results are all that matter.
Theology: Individualism, libertarianism, capitalism, non-religious self law. I’m god. I make the law. I’m in it for me. What I know for sure is that there are things I want, and I’m going to get them. What’s in it for me? Humanitarianism and philanthropy are completely out unless I too benefit from them.
Science: Quantum chaos indeterminacy. It’s all chaotic. You can’t know, it doesn’t really matter, don’t worry about it.
This world-view is more prevalent than the other three, especially in the workplace.
Psychology: Existentialism, a 20th-century philosophical movement embracing diverse doctrines but centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for his acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad.
Sociology: Hegemony (“preponderant influence or authority over others”) and counter-hegemony. In other words, it’s good to try to dominate something. Society is made up of monopolies. If you want to be successful in an area, monopolize it. If someone else is being successful in it, topple their monopoly.
Law: Non-religious natural and self-law. They believe in natural law as long as there’s no religion in it. Self-law is: we govern ourselves. You have to agree with things you’ve submitted yourself to, but you don’t necessarily have to submit yourself to it.
Politics: Libertarianism and Nietzsche’s “superman.” Libertarianism says let people be free, if they hurt someone, the hurt party has recourse. Let people choose as long as they don’t infringe on someone else.
German 19th-century philosopher Nietzsche said there is a god, the god is “superman.” Everyone lives a miserable life, but once in a while a man can step up and becomes a god, like Caesar, Alexander, i.e. all conquerors. The Post-Modernists approve of that, i.e. it’s OK or good to be a “superman.”
True libertarianism lets a guy rise as high as he wants to go, even if he is oppressing others.
Economics: Randian capitalism, whatever capitalism you can get away with. This school approves of the super-capitalist taking advantage of others.
Confucian, Hindu, Buddhist and new age counterparts
Theology: Pantheism, many gods, and panentheism (everything is god) Many also connect UFOology here, extraterrestrial beings seeded earth and are our ‘ancient gods’ and/or ancestors.
Philosophy: Connectivity, everything is connected, nothing is disconnected
Ethics: Inner relativism, there is a right and a wrong, but I have to get in touch with ‘the gods’ or ‘spirits’ and figure out what that is.
Science: Evolutionary consciousness, what evolves is levels of consciousness, over time humanity evolves to higher levels of consciousness.
Gene Roddenberry was coming from this in the Star Trek Next Generation TV series.
Psychology: Co-effective consciousness, this is the concept that we are all inter-connected. My psychology is impacted by yours.
I believe there are correlations between these worldviews and the progressive and conservative political groups in America.
Conservatives tend to believe in many of the biblical Christian values, including a belief in a Creator God, an absolute right and wrong as revealed by God, that people have a physical and spiritual nature, the importance of traditional marriage, the home, and the concept of “natural law,” (which by the way is to be found everywhere in the writings of the Founding Fathers).
Progressives tend to believe in many of the views from the Material Humanism / Marxism and Secular Humanism world-views, such as atheism, materialism (there is no spiritual side to man), ethical and moral relativism (no right and wrong, just your opinion), abolition or weakening of the influence of the church and family, and support for the idea of global government through the U.N. and the lessening of the personal sovereignty of each individual and the national sovereignty of the United States.
Proverbs 14:12 There is a way which seems right to a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.
John 14:6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.
Luke 13:24 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say to you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able.